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Y-DNA Haplogroup

From SNPedia

Human Y chromosome DNA, Y-DNA, haplogroups represent the major branches of the phylogenetic tree for all human paternally traced lineages, based on Y chromosome and its SNP mutations.

Haplogroup tree[edit]

ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree

Experimental Composite Y-DNA Tree N by Ray Banks

YFull Experimental Tree

Haplogroups[edit]

The present main Y-DNA haplogroups in the ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree* are:

Haplogroup A (Y-DNA), Haplogroup B (Y-DNA), Haplogroup C (Y-DNA), Haplogroup D (Y-DNA), Haplogroup E (Y-DNA),

Haplogroup F (Y-DNA), Haplogroup G (Y-DNA), Haplogroup H (Y-DNA), Haplogroup I (Y-DNA), Haplogroup J (Y-DNA),

Haplogroup K (Y-DNA), Haplogroup L (Y-DNA), Haplogroup M (Y-DNA), Haplogroup N (Y-DNA), Haplogroup O (Y-DNA),

Haplogroup P (Y-DNA), Haplogroup Q (Y-DNA), Haplogroup R (Y-DNA), Haplogroup S (Y-DNA), Haplogroup T (Y-DNA).


These main Y-DNA haplogroups are arranged in the Y-Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree. The tree below is linked to the ISOGG Y-DNA Tree Trunk 2015*.

Root (Y-Adam)

A00

A0-T

• • A0

• • A1

• • • A1*

• • • A1a

• • • A1b

• • • • A1b*

• • • • A1b1

• • • • B T

• • • • • B

• • • • • C T

• • • • • • D E

• • • • • • • D

• • • • • • • E

• • • • • • C F

• • • • • • • C

• • • • • • • F

• • • • • • • • G H I J K

• • • • • • • • • G

• • • • • • • • • H I J K

• • • • • • • • • • H

• • • • • • • • • • I J K

• • • • • • • • • • • I J

• • • • • • • • • • • • I

• • • • • • • • • • • • J

• • • • • • • • • • • K

• • • • • • • • • • • • L T

• • • • • • • • • • • • • L

• • • • • • • • • • • • • T

• • • • • • • • • • • • • N O

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • N

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • O

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • S

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • M

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • P

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Q

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • R

  • Reference: International Society of Genetic Genealogy (2015). Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2015, Version: 10.20 Date: 28 February 2015, http://www.isogg.org/tree/ [Date of access: 27, March, 2015].


Y-DNA publications[edit]

See also the ISOGG Y-DNA Papers Cited list.


[PMID 25468874OA-icon.png] The Y-Chromosome Tree Bursts into Leaf: 13,000 High-Confidence SNPs Covering the Majority of Known Clades.

[PMID 24395829OA-icon.png] An unbiased resource of novel SNP markers provides a new chronology for the human Y chromosome and reveals a deep phylogenetic structure in Africa.

[PMID 24346185OA-icon.png] Phylogenetic applications of whole Y-chromosome sequences and the Near Eastern origin of Ashkenazi Levites.

[PMID 24278350OA-icon.png] Tracing Arab-Islamic inheritance in Madagascar: study of the Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA in the Antemoro.

[PMID 24204668OA-icon.png] Afghan Hindu Kush: where Eurasian sub-continent gene flows converge.

[PMID 23948323] High resolution mapping of Y haplogroup G in Tyrol (Austria).

[PMID 23908240] Low-pass DNA sequencing of 1200 Sardinians reconstructs European Y-chromosome phylogeny.

[PMID 23908239OA-icon.png] Sequencing Y chromosomes resolves discrepancy in time to common ancestor of males versus females.

[PMID 22586127OA-icon.png] Y-chromosome analysis reveals genetic divergence and new founding native lineages in Athapaskan- and Eskimoan-speaking populations.

[PMID 22281367OA-icon.png] Mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome variation provides evidence for a recent common ancestry between Native Americans and Indigenous Altaians.

[PMID 22275152] The dual origin of Tati-speakers from Dagestan as written in the genealogy of uniparental variants.

[PMID 21601174OA-icon.png] A revised root for the human Y chromosomal phylogenetic tree: the origin of patrilineal diversity in Africa.

[PMID 21571925OA-icon.png] Parallel evolution of genes and languages in the Caucasus region.

[PMID 21478374OA-icon.png] Signatures of the preagricultural peopling processes in sub-Saharan Africa as revealed by the phylogeography of early Y chromosome lineages.

[PMID 22586127OA-icon.png] Y-chromosome variation in Altaian Kazakhs reveals a common paternal gene pool for Kazakhs and the influence of Mongolian expansions.

[PMID 20877414OA-icon.png] The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups.

[PMID 20732840] Strong intra- and inter-continental differentiation revealed by Y chromosome SNPs M269, U106 and U152.

[PMID 20051990OA-icon.png] Human Y chromosome haplogroup R-V88: a paternal genetic record of early mid Holocene trans-Saharan connections and the spread of Chadic languages.

[PMID 20531471] The genome-wide structure of the Jewish people.

[PMID 20087410OA-icon.png] A predominantly neolithic origin for European paternal lineages.

[PMID 19920170] Y chromosome diversity, human expansion, drift, and cultural evolution.

[PMID 19170200] A Y-chromosomal comparison of the Madjars (Kazakhstan) and the Magyars (Hungary).

[PMID 19107149OA-icon.png] Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in Southeast Europe.

[PMID 19061982OA-icon.png] The genetic legacy of religious diversity and intolerance: paternal lineages of Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula.

[PMID 18385274OA-icon.png] New binary polymorphisms reshape and increase resolution of the human Y chromosomal haplogroup tree.

[PMID 18449920] Recurrent mutation in SNPs within Y chromosome E3b (E-M215) haplogroup: a rebuttal.

[PMID 18179905OA-icon.png] Two sources of the Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context.

[PMID 17928816OA-icon.png] Y-chromosome diversity characterizes the Gulf of Oman.

[PMID 17786594] YAP insertion signature in South Asia.

[PMID 17351267] Tracing past human male movements in northern/eastern Africa and western Eurasia: new clues from Y-chromosomal haplogroups E-M78 and J-M12.

[PMID 17185165] Y-chromosome genotyping and genetic structure of Zhuang populations.

[PMID 16835895] Molecular dissection of the Y chromosome haplogroup E-M78 (E3b1a): a posteriori evaluation of a microsatellite-network-based approach through six new biallelic markers.

[PMID 16759179] Paternal and maternal lineages in the Balkans show a homogeneous landscape over linguistic barriers, except for the isolated Aromuns.

[PMID 16626331] Population structure in the Mediterranean basin: a Y chromosome perspective.

[PMID 16378340OA-icon.png] Y-chromosome diversity is inversely associated with language affiliation in paired Austronesian- and Papuan-speaking communities from Solomon Islands.

[PMID 16261343] Contrasting patterns of Y-chromosome variation in South Siberian populations from Baikal and Altai-Sayan regions.

[PMID 16094307OA-icon.png] The place of the Basques in the European Y-chromosome diversity landscape.

[PMID 16026953] The case of the unreliable SNP: recurrent back-mutation of Y-chromosomal marker P25 through gene conversion.

[PMID 15322918] Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe.

[PMID 15173934] Evolution and migration history of the Chinese population inferred from Chinese Y-chromosome evidence.

[PMID 15042509OA-icon.png] Phylogeographic analysis of haplogroup E3b (E-M215) y chromosomes reveals multiple migratory events within and out of Africa.

[PMID 14740294] Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and host non-Jewish European populations.

[PMID 14586639] Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia.

[PMID 12900798OA-icon.png] Y-chromosome evidence for differing ancient demographic histories in the Americas.

[PMID 11910562OA-icon.png] A back migration from Asia to sub-Saharan Africa is supported by high-resolution analysis of human Y-chromosome haplotypes.

[PMID 11526236OA-icon.png] The Eurasian heartland: a continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity.

[PMID 11078479] Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.

[PMID 11073453] The genetic legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in extant Europeans: a Y chromosome perspective.

[PMID 10521311OA-icon.png] Recent male-mediated gene flow over a linguistic barrier in Iberia, suggested by analysis of a Y-chromosomal DNA polymorphism.

[PMID 9331370OA-icon.png] Detection of numerous Y chromosome biallelic polymorphisms by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography.

[PMID 9150165OA-icon.png] Genetic relationships of Asians and Northern Europeans, revealed by Y-chromosomal DNA analysis.

[PMID 8923005OA-icon.png] Recurrent duplication and deletion polymorphisms on the long arm of the Y chromosome in normal males.