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Haplogroups

From SNPedia


Ancestry

Haplogroups mark the migration from common ancestors to distinct regional populations.

Dominant Y-chromosome haplogroups in pre-colonial world populations, with possible migrations routes according to the Coastal Migration Model.

Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups or Y-DNA haplogroups[edit]

Haplogroup Y (Y-DNA) is the root of the Y Chromosome Haplogroup Tree.

This blog summary of the human genographic project from national geographic is well written.

The paper [PMID 18385274OA-icon.png] is currently the best reference for the Y chromosome. The supplemental material is available at [1] and is sufficient for determining a reasonable collection of snps for the criteria of a genoset which recognizes a haplogroup. [2] provides a nice poster although it lacks the mapping to rs#.



The Y-chromosome has a lower SNP mutation rate than mtDNA.

There was a recomendation from the Y-chromosome consortium, YCC, to change to a short hand. That is to write R-P312 rather than R1b1b2a1a2.

ISOGG Tree version is 2010 http://www.isogg.org/tree/index.html

ISOGG List of SNP markers for Haplogroups http://isogg.org/tree/ISOGG_YDNA_SNP_Index.html

YCC table of markers with ancestral/descendant changes (but old and incomplete) http://ycc.biosci.arizona.edu/nomenclature_system/data.html

current version of the YCC tree. http://www.familytreedna.com/snps-r-us.aspx

The STR predictions are handled by Whit Athey's tool. http://www.hprg.com/hapest5/

ySearch ID pages are the easy way to read in STR data. For example: http://www.ysearch.org/haplosearch_view.asp?viewuid=FB88E

This GoPubMed search for Haplogroups might be of some use


 On microarrayIn geneChromosome position
i100000423andMe v1
23andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
8,869
i100001523andMe v1
23andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
6,776
i300000723andMe v1
23andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
21,765,763
i300001423andMe v1
23andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
21,764,501
i300002123andMe v1
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
21,705,977
i300002923andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
21,706,360
i300003323andMe v1
23andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
JARID1D
KDM5D
21,867,854
i300003723andMe v1
23andMe v2
23andMe v3
23andMe v4
KDM5D21,888,865
... further results

Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups or mtDNA haplogroups[edit]